Friday, 28 February 2014

120 gibberish papers by IEEE and Springer Verlag. Google: 120 Gibberish Papers

ATG Article of the Week: “Publishers withdraw more than 120 gibberish papers”

Written by Richard Van Noorden and posted on the Nature website “Publishers withdraw more than 120 gibberish papers” spotlights the efforts of  Cyril Labbé of Joseph Fourier University in Grenoble, France, who has uncovered “computer-generated papers that made it into more than 30 published conference proceedings between 2008 and 2013.”
These “nonsense papers” are created by freely available software called SCIgen which “was invented in 2005 by researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge to prove that conferences would accept meaningless papers.”  These MIT researchers have had their contention reinforced as 120 papers previously accepted for publication in a number of conference proceedings have been removed.  After being informed by Mr. Labbé, who has created a website to detect SCIgen produced papers, science publisher Springer removed 16 papers from its publications and the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers removed more than 100 from it’s published proceedings.
The article goes on to point out that this incident is only one in a long line of successful efforts in “getting spoof papers accepted in conferences or by journals to reveal weaknesses in academic quality controls.”  The proceedings where the SCIgen articles were accepted claim to be peer reviewed and these problems only add to the mounting evidence that the peer review process may be in serious need of tightening
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Other Fake Conferences of IEEE.

They say:

Would IEEE really sponsor a fake scientific conference?

The email was typical fake-scientific-conference-in-China spam: "we courteously invite you to deliver a Plenary Speech" as a "leading authority" in a field where I have no expertise. I've gotten several of these from "BIT Life Sciences."
This time, though, IEEE, a (formerly?) respectable engineering organization, was listed as a sponsor. I assumed the scam was using IEEE's name without permission, but the "6th International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering " is actually listed on the IEEE web site. Apparently, IEEE has been involved in many fake conferences, which have, for example, accepted papers that are computer-generated garbage. Sad.
Not all conferences in China are fake -- I went to one a few years ago that was excellent, and am scheduled to speak at another -- and fake conferences are presumably held in other countries as well. China does seem to be afflicted with more than its share, though. Maybe it's harder to sue there, or something.
UPDATE -- someone left a comment with links to a blog suggesting that IEEE sponsors many fake conferences. Unfortunately, I had to delete the comment, because it linked to a blog attributing my concerns to "The University of Minnesota." The views presented here are my own, and not official positions of the university.

See some comments:

I do not agree with the previous commentor.
One more example is the IEEE fake conference

They claim that they have:
"Review duration: 15-20 days after submission"
Check it
How can a serious conference with hundred of papers to make review of all these papers within 15 days?
Our conclusion that seems to be the standard for the majority of IEEE is:
The IEEE conferences do not have any review. They work only for money
Google: IEEE fake papers
or IEEE Junk Conferences or IEEE bogus or IEEE scam
Fake IEEE MED conferences:
These conferences are organized by the "Mediterranean Control Association"
However, this "Association" is a Company based in USA by a Greek Professor.
We sent them two papers describing the equipment of our laboratory.
We copied the manual of Inverted Pendulum and we got the acceptance letter after
some days. So, for sure include in your fake conferences list the
Fake IEEE MED conferences
All the IEEE Conferences (organized by IEEE itselfor sponsored or co-sponsored or technically cosponsored by IEEE) are fake, junk, garbage, bogus, scam conferences.
Some of these conferences run only in the 1st or the 1st and 2nd day only and then they close. Obviously they try to save money from their hotel financial obligations.
IEEE, ACM, ASME and SIAM Conferences evaluate only the Abstract of the papers, even for the conferences that they claim evaluation on the full text.
have numerous times accepted and published SCIgen (automatically generated texts). Only for the IEEE, the Central Administration of IEEE found 1100 Conferences with fake, SCIgen papers.
Try yourself googling:
IEEE bogus
ASME bogus
SIAM bogus
ACM bogus
or visit

I participated in many IEEE Conferences in Malaysia and Singapore. I published 8 common papers and I had never received any comment, any remark, any question from IEEE, except sometime in 2011, that I got some minor remark about the format of my paper. These IEEE Conferences in Malaysia and Singapore are of dubious quality and maybe they are good schemes for making money for their organizers. We call them bogus, fake.
Dr Suhaidi Hassan
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120 Fake Scigen Papers in IEEE and Springer Verlag

Springer and IEEE will be removing more than 120 papers from their subscription services after a researcher found they were computer-generated gibberish.
For a layperson, looking at scientific papers can be an exercise in humility. We know most of those words, and surely they make sense in some capacity, but high concept research uses, by necessity, some very complicated language.
Apparently not even the publishers of these papers are as adept as we thought at gauging their meaning, as the work of one researcher reveals. Computer scientist Cyril Labbé of Joseph Fourier University in Grenoble, France, spent two years examining published research papers, and found that computer-generated papers made it into more than 30 conferences, and over 120 have been published by academic publishing houses — over 100 by the the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) and 16 by Springer.
The papers were generated by a piece of free software called SCIgen, developed in 2005 by scientists at MIT. SCIgen randomly generates nonsense papers, complete with graphs, diagrams and citations, and its purpose was to demonstrate how easily conferences accept meaningless submissions.
Labbé, who has built a website that allows users to check whether a paper was generated using the program, said he did not know why the papers had been submitted. Most of the conferences took place in China, and many of the papers named real authors, some of whom may or may not have known their names were being used in this way. One author claimed he had created the paper to test a conference.
Both publishing houses have pulled the papers in question, although some issues remain. Ruth Springer, UK head of communications for Springer, is running into issues trying to contact the authors, and noted that the conferences in question were, in fact, peer reviewed, which casts a bad light on the current processes. IEEE, however, declined to comment.
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Saturday, 15 February 2014

Profiteering ! The Fake IASTED Conferences takes 550 EUR for 1 CD-ROM. CD-ROM actually costs no more than 1 $ Profiteering by IASTED ! Profiteering by IASTED ! Profiteering by IASTED !

Profiteering !  The Fake IASTED Conferences takes 550 EUR for 1 CD-ROM.  CD-ROM actually costs no more than 1 $.
This site
Fake and Predatory IASTED Conferences. They sell CD to students: 550  They sell the CD to non-students: 600 EUR per CD!!!!   Profiteering !Profiteering !Profiteering !
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An anonymous commentor reported bribery in DBLP. So, DBLP is a questionable service at least.

Two days ago, we received a helpful comment with a link to:  (See this comment:  )

In the beggining we did not believe it, and we refused to publish the comment.

We could not believe and we do not believe that DBLP is a scam. But the whole operation and the whole project DBLP is strange, because we made several phone calls to various friends and they told us that if you have good relations and friendship with Michael ley, the owner of DBLP, then no problem for you to index your conference or journal in DBLP.
So, after serious and in-depth study, we made the conclusion to publish this comment of "Mohamed Mostafa (Esmati)". It seems to us now that DBLP is not fake, is not bogus, but DBLP is questionable service at least.

We republish the letter from:

My name is Mohamed Mostafa (Esmati) - now a retired IT/CS/MIS lecturer formerly at Ain Shams University. I now have a startup company in Cairo with offices in UAE. ICICIS (The 4th International Conference on Intelligent Computing and Information Systems) approached Michael Ley asking him to consider including its proceedings into DBLP. 

To make the long story short, the ICICIS was told that the cost of including the proceedings into DBLP would be 5,000 Euros (Yes, 5,000 Euros). Although, ICICIS had not budgeted for such a high cost, they did come up with the money. Michael Ley was insisting that this fee should be given to him in CASH! This was very odd! Since, at the time, I was spending two weeks in Koblenz/Germany, ICICIS committee asked me to see Michael Ley in order to give him the 5,000 Euros. 

I called Michael Ley. He asked me to meet with him near a place known as Franco's Tower in Trier. I met him on June 9, 2009 on Tuesday (I remember the date because it was my daughter's birthday on that day). We met. I felt like a drug dealer because when I saw him, he asked me for the money. In politely introduced myself to him. He had no interest in who I was. I asked him if he could give a discount since Egypt (conference venue) is a developing country. 

He was very rude and his comment was very degrading to me. He said, we are in Germany, we ARE NOT in Pakistan, Egypt, India, ... "why do you people always ask for discount?". Then he said if ICICIS would want its proceedings to be included, then I would need to give him the agreed 5,000 Euros. I felt that he was very rude and unprofessional. I gave him the money that he asked for and left. I December 2010, I was attending a conference in India (Bangalore). I was chit-chatting about my experience with Michael Ley and DBLP. I was conversing with a bunch of people who were at the same table (lunching). Two individuals at the table told me that they were also asked to give Michael Ley cash for DBLP inclusion of the proceedings that they had edited and they decided NOT TO. One individual said that what Michael Ley was doing was illegal. He said that if it was not illegal, then why wouldn't he accept checks or wire transfer?! Anyhow, after that day, I did hear from at least 5 others that they have had similar experiences with Michael Ley (asking for CASH) for DBLP. I realized (and am confident) that what Michael Ley is (or had been) doing is illegal. I wanted to inform the community sooner but I was affiliated with a university till recentlly and did not wish to get my university involved. But since I am now retired and I am my own boss, I thought that I inform the community about all this. 

 The interesting thing is that Michael Ley seems to ask money mainly from conferences whose venues are in developing countries. Also, he does not seem to ask for money from IEEE, ACM, or other associations who have many members. In fact, more people have told me that they did not have to pay any money to Michael Ley for DBLP inclusion but these people were all associated with IEEE or ACM conferences. So it appears that Michael Ley is either scared of IEEE and ACM or he has made a multi-year arrangements with them.) This may be a coincidence: but a couple of years ago, the DBLP inclusion process and its management were assigned to a committee. May be Michael Ley's university (Trier) was told about examples of cash changing hands and so the DBLP management was changed as teh result). In view of many, DBLP is now a redundant service. It does not offer any extra when compared to Google Scholar and other citation engines. I also believe the cost of inclusion into DBLP should not be in CASH. This is wrong and I would not be surprised to hear that all the cash received by Michael Ley were never reported to DBLP nor to Trier University. Suggestion to the NEW committee of DBLP: it is fine to charge people but the main reason for inclusion of proceedings into DBLP should be the quality of the papers. Thank you all for listening. Inclusion of journals and conference proceedings into DBLP via the following individual: Michael Ley created the DBLP database. He is the person that I have dealt with in reference to inclusion of ICICIS2009 - Dr. Michael Ley, University of Trier, Germany (aka: Universitat Trier, Germany)
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Sunday, 2 February 2014

WASET Bogus and Fake Conferences. The word CRIME is poor to describe the WASET Fake Conferences and Scam Activities. Thousand Names of Legitimate conferences have been hijacked by WASET.

WASET Crimes: Thousand Names of Legitimate conferences have been hijacked by WASET. The word CRIME is poor to describe the WASET scam Activities.

WASET an absolutely criminal organization works as follows:  They copy-paste names of legitimate conferences and create fake, spurious, counterfeit conferences with the same titles, same acronyms and same committess. They cheat the academicians when they search for a particular conference via google. Hundreds of scholars went to a fake, false conference of WASET instead of attending the genuine one (You see same titles, same committees, same acronyms, for instance in 2013 two ICANN were held, the genuine and the fake).
WASET owner, a teacher in Mathematics in secondary school is called Cemal Ardil. How can a person without Ph.D. run 3500 conferences per year.
WASET enterprize operates with this academic criminal Mr. Cemal Ardil and his daughter
(  and )
Some Examples
EXAMPLE 1: Same names and same acronyms
Original, Genuine Conference:
Counterfeit, scam, fake, spurious conference with the same name and same committee by WASET
WASET copied-pasted the names of the international scientific committee without any permission

See also a discussion:

EXAMPLE 2: Same names and same acronyms
Original, Genuine Conference:
Counterfeit, scam, fake, spurious conference with the same name and same committee by WASET
WASET copied-pasted the names of the international scientific committee without any permission

See also a discussion:

EXAMPLE 3: Same names and same acronyms
Original, Genuine Conference:
Counterfeit, scam, fake, spurious conference with the same name and same committee by WASET
WASET copied-pasted the names of the international scientific committee without any permission

It is not difficult to find hundreds of hijacked conferences by WASET. What a shame.

Some Complaints that you can find on the web
Is WASET a fraud whose victims keep silent? 
After a paper I submitted to the August 2010 WASET (World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology) conference in Singapore was accepted for presentation and publication,  I began to suspect that WASET is a fraud.  To my surprise,  before mid-June 2010, repeated google searches for waset resulted in no negative comments against WASET, save for one web site I could not take seriously.   I will explain later why I suspected WASET a fraud.

I decided not to pay the $450 Euros registration fee until I received an email from, stating
the Tentative SINGAPORE 2010 Conference Program is available at
I was not impressed with the conference program.  But it changed my mind about not registering because it appeared to show some real people presenting papers.  I am a University of San Diego professor.  I submitted a paper to WASET August 2010  Singapore conference because I will be in Asia at that time.  I had invested a significant amount of time with WASET after I made a decision to submit paper to it, and made my paper conform to its required layout, format and style.   If I had made a mistake, let me bite the bullet.

As a prerequisite to register online, I needed to wire 450 Euros to an account in Dubai, United Arab Emirate.  This felt more like paying a ransom than paying for a conference.   Why couldn't WASET accept a credit card, like anyone else? Worse, my bank charged me $35 for the international wiring. 

Interesting, yet most unpleasant things began to happen after I wired the 450 Euros. Here is a summary
registration for the conference at failed using whatever browser and whatever file format the registration page instructs.
To date, I sent more than fifteen requests to WASET  for help.  They ignored most of them.   When they did respond,  they wanted me to try again and again.
One response was promising. 
Dear Author,
Thanks for registration! We have received your documents.
Best regards,
B. Brojack, Secretariat
In this message, Brojack, Secretariat assured me that I had finally registered.  But her/his next message asked me to try again, even though I complained repeatedly that this registration page always failed with  the same error message.

Finally, I wrote B. Brojack, Secretariat of WASET, for either straightening out my registration impasse, or else refunding my 450 Euros.   No response!

To summarize, I wired 450 Euros to an account in Dubai, UAE to pay for the registration fee for a WASET conference in Singapore.  I was instructed to register for the conference online at, which always failed. I wrote WASET to request for help. They ignored me.  I asked for refund, they also ignored.  

(Cemal Ardil is on a par with  another academic thug, the notorious Jeffrey Beall: Really, how can Mr. Jeffrey Beall, a simple librarian, a person without M.Sc. and without Ph.D. to evaluate more than 500 Publishers and put Publishers with  journals indexed in Web of Knowledge, ISI, DBLP, IET in in his notorious black list?)

Comments: One may not believe if such a coincidence could ever happen. I read your blog today which you posted in 2012, and it saved me 450 Euro. I think I am also fooled by WASET. I received acceptance of my abstract for the ICGSH 2013 conference held in Kualalumpur, August 22-23, 2013. While I was corresponding with the organizers, I didn't have a clue that they were fake. They seemed professional in corresponding on emails and assisted me whenever I raised query. I was also provided with the invitation letter to the conference which served as the basis of retrieving Malaysian Visa. Before making bookings to the hotel they mentioned as a conference venue, I confirmed if this conference is happening as scheduled and the answer I received was yes. Will you believe that it was the internationally accredited hotel in Kualalumpur, Pacific Regency Hotel Suites. I booked the hotel, I got my visa, I had tickets in my hand, the only thing I was left with was the conference registration fees, which took me long to process as the procedure was difficult to carry out through Western Union. Finally, today when I decided to make the payment, God knows what made me log into the website of the conference to retrieve the details of the payment for my own reference to take it to bank. And when I typed WASET CONFERENCE 2013, the Google search engine opened up the suggested link on WASET CONFERENCE FAKE, and I don't know what made me click that option. What I found was your post. My search about the WASET being fake began from there and guess what I found these links highlighting how organized this whole scam is. 
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